“Syrie : un régime de plus en plus tribal, sectaire, capitaliste”- Interview Joseph Daher

Extraits d’une entrevue avec Joseph Daher, Jacobin, de Joe Hayns 3 août 2019, publiés par la Plateforme Altermondialiste.

En septembre 2011, un militant de la gauche syrienne, Yassin al-Haj Salah, a averti que la révolution entrait dans « une situation tragique, prédisposée à la destruction ». Les premières manifestations pacifiques du printemps avaient été durement réprimées par la dictature de Bachar al-Assad et ont débouché au cours de l’été sur un soulèvement armé. Huit ans plus tard, c’est aujourd’hui le régime d’Assad qui a prévalu. Malgré la durée de la guerre et les catastrophes qu’elle a provoquées, les forces fondamentales du conflit restent mal comprises, même à gauche. Les protagonistes sont souvent perçus selon les termes « sunnites contre chiites » ou « islamistes contre laïcs ». On met ainsi de côté la dynamique de classe qui a façonné l’État et la société syriens avant même le conflit de 2011. Comprendre ces éléments sociaux du conflit est tout aussi important aujourd’hui si nous voulons comprendre la stratégie du régime Assad pour la « nouvelle Syrie » et ses liens avec les plans de ses alliés russes et syriens. Cette entrevue avec Joseph Daher vise à rappeler ces éléments.

Pour lire le reste de l’entretien, suivre le lien suivant:

https://npa2009.org/actualite/international/syrie-un-regime-de-plus-en-plus-tribal-sectaire-capitaliste?fbclid=IwAR0FXudG5F65O-9RvC8SXua4GK8fF4U2Lvjf-BbXzGgfTdrQL6vcTlKcYrM

Advertisements

“More Tribal, More Sectarian, More Crony Capitalist Than Ever” Interview in Jacobin

Bashar al-Assad has started confiscating the homes of Syrians who fled during the Civil War. For decades, his clan has purged the state of all but the most fanatical loyalists: now, it’s doing the same to society itself.

INTERVIEW BY Joe Hayns

In September 2011, Syrian leftist Yassin al-Haj Salah warned that the revolution was entering “a fateful situation, predisposed toward destruction.” The first peaceful protests that spring were viciously repressed by Bashar al-Assad’s dictatorship, and over the summer the revolt developed into an armed uprising. Yet after eight years of this “fateful situation,” today it is the Assad regime that has prevailed.

Despite the length of the war and the catastrophes it has brought, the deeper forces behind Syria’s conflict remain poorly understood, even on the Left. The protagonists are too often seen in the culturalist terms of “Sunnis vs. Shias,” or “Islamists vs. Secularists.” Just as often, the war is reduced to pure geopolitics, with the lead actors assumed to be mere proxies for America and its international opponents (or allies).

Rarest of all is any developed discussion of the class dynamics that shaped the Syrian state and society even before the 2011 conflict. Yet these had a decisive effect on the uprising and the regime’s ability to withstand it. Grasping these social elements of the conflict is just as important today if we want to understand the Assad regime’s strategy for the “new Syria,” and how it intersects with the plans of his Russian and Syrian allies.

Joseph Daher is the author of Syria After the Uprisings: The Political Economy of the State Resilience (Pluto, 2019). He spoke to Joe Hayns about the deeper origins of the conflict, reasons for the Assad regime’s survival, and its strategy for the “new Syria.”

To read the whole interview, follow this link: https://www.jacobinmag.com/2019/08/syria-bashar-al-assad-regime-class-conflict?fbclid=IwAR111oR3JoYrb78Cdgr_ABk27OZ0kY0OTEO858XY3VjcCOUXLf5YMSPmM2A

Continue reading

Iran – Usa tension amid the ongoing Arab Spring

The recent tensions and threats of war between the USA and Iran have roots to the origins of the Islamic Republic following the 1979 Revolution that overthrew the despotic dictatorship of the Shah.

Since then, Iran has continued to remain a regional power, especially after surviving the 10 year long war with Iraq. The current tensions are different front the past in that they come after years of popular uprisings in the region and have seen new players emerge, with alliances becoming much more fluid.

APC interviewed Joseph Daher, an academic and socialist activist. He is also the author of the recent book ‘Syria after the Uprisings , the political economy of state resilience’.

Asia Pacific Currents provides updates of labour struggles and campaigns from the Asia Pacific region. It is produced by Australia Asia Worker Links, in the studio of 3CR Radio in Melbourne, Australia

To listen to the interview follow this link: https://www.3cr.org.au/asiapac/episode-201907060900/iran-usa-tension-amid-ongoing-arab-spring?fbclid=IwAR1f7WxZ55cLxBxcS9RyUFFOVVgVDXn5i2eUBk_vbnijm8A1yb8cuVGmpE8