The events of recent weeks in Iraq that led to the capture of Mosul (the second largest city in the country), causing 500,000 people to flee, as well as the fall of other cities, by a coalition of diverse reactionary groups composed primarily by the ‘Islamic State of Iraq and the Sham” (ISIS) , former Baathists and local tribe chiefs, constitute the continuation of the long agony of the Iraqi people since 2003 and even before in many aspects.
It must be remembered that the country was under the bloody dictatorship of Saddam Hussein’s clan that caused the death, exile and imprisonment of tens of thousands of people, not to mention the gassing of Kurds in Halabja in 1988. This regime was built on a totalitarian repressive apparatus that accepted no political opposition and independent trade unions, and on a clientelist tribal and sectarian basis. In now way was it nationalist as some authors have characterized it. Continue reading