Un colloque relève les liens étroits entre religion et libéralisme économique

https://avisdexperts.ch/videos/view/7718/2

Un colloque intitulé “Fait religieux, fait économique” organisé mardi au Graduate Institute à Genève a notamment analysé le positionnement des religions face à la montée du néolibéralisme depuis les années 80. Il a révélé une certaine fluidité entre conservatisme religieux et libéralisme économique.

Tout un monde 07 12 2017

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تحالف الاشتراكيين/ات في الشرق الأوسط- بيان المبادئ التأسيسي

نحن في تحالف للاشتراكيين/ات في الشرق الأوسط نعارض جميع القوى الامبريالية العالمية منها وتلك الإقليمية في الشرق الأوسط ونعارض حروبها، سواء كانت الولايات المتحدة أو روسيا أو الصين أو إسرائيل والسعودية وإيران وتركيا. كما نعارض الأنظمة الاستبدادية مثل نظام الأسد في سوريا ونظام السيسي في مصر، وكذلك نعارض الأصولية الدينية لتنظيمات مثل داعش أو القاعدة أو حزب الله أو الإخوان المسلمون. وعلى الرغم من أن الإخوان المسلمين وحزب الله يعتبران أنفسهما إصلاحيين ويعارضان جهادية القاعدة وداعش، إلا أن كل هذه التنظيمات تتقاطع في سعيها إلى إقامة دولة على أساس الشريعة الإسلامية والحفاظ على النظام الرأسمالي القائم.

نحن نعارض الرأسمالية والانقسامات الطبقية والبطريركية/التمييز الجندري، والعنصرية والتحيز الديني والعرقي، ونعمل على الإضاءة على نضالات النساء والعمال والعاملات والقوميات المضطهدة مثل الكورد والفلسطينيين/ات، والأقليات الإثنية والدينية، مثل الأقليات
الجنسية. كما نعارض رهاب الإسلام ومعاداة السامية. Continue reading

Alliance of Middle Eastern Socialists – Founding Statement of Principles

November 24, 2017

We are an alliance of Middle Eastern socialists opposed to all the international and Middle Eastern regional imperialist powers and their wars, whether the U.S., Russia and China  or Israel, Saudi Arabia,  Iran and Turkey.  We also oppose other authoritarian regimes such as Assad’s in Syria and El Sisi’s  in Egypt as well as religious fundamentalism whether of  ISIS, Al Qaeda,  Hezbollah  or the  Muslim Brotherhood.   Although the Muslim Brotherhood and Hezbollah consider themselves gradualists and oppose the Jihadism of Al Qaeda and ISIS, all of these organizations share the goal of establishing a state based on Shari’a Law and preserving the current capitalist order.

We oppose capitalism, class divisions, patriarchy/sexism, racism, ethnic and religious prejudice and speak to the struggles of women, workers, oppressed nationalities such as Kurds and Palestinians, oppressed ethnic and religious minorities, and sexual minorities.  We also oppose Islamophobia and anti-Semitism.

 

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Syrie : quelle reconstruction possible sous le régime Assad ?

Cet article a d’abord été publié sur le site The Conversation: https://theconversation.com/syrie-quelle-reconstruction-possible-sous-le-regime-assad-88494

Les objectifs initiaux du soulèvement populaire en Syrie en mars 2011, pour plus de démocratie, de justice sociale, et d’égalité, n’ont jamais semblé aussi lointains alors que, sous l’égide de l’Organisation des Nations Unies (ONU), un nouveau cycle de négociations au sujet de l’avenir de la Syrie s’est ouvert à Genève le 28 novembre.

Que se passe-t-il sur le terrain ? Le régime de Bachar Al-Assad se trouve en position de force, multipliant les victoires s’appuyant sur ses alliés russes, iraniens et sur le Hezbollah libanais. Continue reading

Lebanon in the crucible of regional conflict

Article published on November 27, 2017 in Socialist Worker.org: https://socialistworker.org/2017/11/27/lebanon-in-the-crucible-of-regional-conflict

Lebanon’s Prime Minister Saad Hariri recently threatened to resign and bring down the government, opening a new period of instability in a country that has recently had a sustained but fragile peace. In the weeks since the initial announcement, Hariri has reversed himself and now promises to continue in office.

Hariri’s surprise announcement shocked Middle East commentators, but it was only the latest symptom of a brewing conflict between the region’s most powerful countries–Saudi Arabia and Iran. This rivalry plays itself out through several proxy wars as well as within the dynamic of imperialist competition that crisscrosses the Middle East, as outside powers such as the U.S., Russia and China seek to secure their own national interests.

Joseph Daher is a Swiss-Syrian socialist activist, founder of the Syria Freedom Forever blogand author of Hezbollah: Political Economy of Lebanon’s Party of God. He spoke to Ashley Smith about the roots of this crisis and the implications for the left around the world.

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Comprendre le Hezbollah, force régionale incontournable du Proche-Orient

Article publié sur le site The Conversation

Le Hezbollah (ou Parti de Dieu), mouvement créé dans les années 80, a été officialisé comme parti en 1985 pendant une période de crise politique intense caractérisée par la guerre civile libanaise et l’invasion du Liban par Israël en 1982, et après l’instauration de la République Islamique d’Iran en 1979 au niveau régional.

C’est un mouvement politique fondamentaliste islamique chiite qui prend sa source idéologique directement du Khomeynisme et de sa théorie du « Wilayat al-Faqih » (Théorie du Jurisconsulte). Dans la théorie du Willâyat al-Faqîh, le jurisconsulte devrait détenir le pouvoir politique ultime. Continue reading

Crony Capitalism and Federalism in Syria’s Reconstruction: Interview with Joseph Daher

This article was first published on the website Salon Syria: https://salonsyria.com/crony-capitalism-and-federalism-in-syrias-reconstruction-interview-with-joseph-daher/#.WhhtwLZ7RR2

Katty Alhayek (KA): Recently, you published an article titled “Militias and crony capitalism to hamper Syria reconstruction,” how do you define “crony capitalism” in this context and what challenges it poses to future reconstruction efforts in Syria?

Joseph Daher (JD): Crony capitalism can be defined generally as when owners of big businesses use their links with the state and the government to gain a decisive advantage over their competitors.

In the region of the Middle East and North Africa, Crony capitalism has been strengthened by the patrimonial nature of the state in which the centers of power (political, military and economically) within a regime are concentrated in one family and its clique, just as in Syria with Assad’s family.

 

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