The reasons for the rise of Daesh

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The origin of Daesh or the so-called “Islamic State” can be traced to the creation of al-Qaeda following the US and British military invasion of Iraq in 2003.

Its current leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, began his experience as a jihadist after the invasion, when he joined the Iraqi branch of al-Qaeda under the command of the Jordanian al-Zarqawi. In 2010, he became the head of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIS), which replaced al-Qaeda in Iraq. Continue reading

سراقب تنتخب مجلس محلي جديد – Saraqeb elects a new civil council

وسط مشاركة نسائية واقبال جيد، انتهت العملية الانتخابية في مدينة سراقب، والتي تعتبر من أولى التجارب الناجحة والمميزة في المناطق المحررة، وأعلان اللجنة التحضيرية لانتخابات المجلس المحلي في مدينة سراقب اليوم الثلاثاء 18 تموز 2017، توقف عمليات الاقتراع بعد تحقيق نسبة 55% من الناخبين، ونسبة اقتراع النساء 25%، فيما يجري الأن عملية فرز الأصوات Continue reading

Morocco, popular mobilisation continues

Manifestation-Rabat-11-2017-soutien-hirak-mouvance-mouvement-contestation-revendications-economiques-sociales-secoue-Rif-Maroc_0_729_507Popular mobilisation in the Moroccan Rif continued through June 2017 and has spread to several of the country’s towns, despite repression by security forces and the regime’s attempts to discredit the movement. Meanwhile several thousand police officers have been sent to Al-Hoceima to stop the demonstrations.

On June 2, a general strike was launched from the town of Al-Hoceïma at the initiative of the “Hirak”, against the authoritarian policies of the government and for the release of imprisoned activists of the movement, in particular Nasser Zefzafi, a popular leader arrested on May 29 under the pretext that he had, three days earlier, interrupted the imam’s sermon in the mosque relaying the regime’s propaganda accusing the demonstrators of sowing “fitna” (discord) in the country. Since then demonstrators have boycotted prayers in the pro-regime mosques. This strike day was marked by numerous confrontations between demonstrators and the repressive forces of the state.

On June 5, two leading members of the “Hirak” were arrested: Nabil Ahamjik, considered as the movement’s number two, and Silya Ziani, one of the new figures involved in the demonstrations. Nawal Ben Aïssa, a high profile figure in the movement, was also questioned by the police on June 7. Another leader, El Mortada Amrachaa, was arrested in Al Hoceima on the evening of June 10, before being released on bail on June 23. Several journalists have been arrested. Some of the detainees have launched a limited hunger strike.

These arrests only fed the anger of the several thousand demonstrators who meet every night in Al-Hoceima and the surrounding area. There have been more than 120 arrests since the beginning of the protest. Sentences of up to 18 months imprisonment have been handed down against 40 detainees and 18 others have been released on bail. An intervention by dozens of police in anti-riot gear on the beaches of Al-Hoceïma to dissuade bathers from chanting slogans in favour of the “hirak” has gone viral on social networks.

The movement of popular protest has spread to several other cities, including Rabat, Casablanca and Tangiers, in the form of demonstrations and strikes to denounce social and economic marginalization following the appeal of some political parties, trade unions and human rights organizations.

Demonstrations in solidarity with the popular movement in the Rif and its demands have also subsequently been organized in Rabat and other big cities. An appeal for an initiative centralized in Rabat has been launched in this context with the slogan “We are one country, one people, all against the Hogra”. [1] This initiative has been supported by a broad spectrum of political forces from the activist sectors of the social movement, the non-governmental left, radical left forces, the independent Islamist opposition, human rights associations, local co-ordinations in support of the Rif, and Amazigh movements.

The objective was to counteract the propaganda of the regime against the accusations of separatism of the movement in the Rif, and to centre the struggle on the themes of “Hogra” and social questions, solidarity with the popular mobilization in the Rif and demanding the release of the political prisoners and the end of repression. In addition to these objectives, the opportunity to build a movement on a national scale was also on the agenda. The demonstration organized by the committee of detainee’s families was a real success with a participation of 100-150,000 people. We should also note the massive role played by women in the mobilisations.

The revolt is then far from over, and the determination of the demonstrators in the Rif persists. Solidarity is developing progressively throughout the country, despite the attempts of the Moroccan monarchy to prevent a snowball effect in the country. Extension is the key to the success and survival of the movement.

It is moreover in this climate of continuation of popular mobilisations that the forces of order have begun a “progressive” withdrawal from symbolic public places in Al-Hoceïma and Imzouren, interpreted as a sign of a softening by the authorities.

Solidarity with the struggles for freedom and dignity!

Joseph Daher

July 7, 2017

[1] The term used to refer to the regime’s contempt for the people.

Thank you to the Comrades of the International Viewpoint for translating this article originally published in French.

Turquie, un an après le coup d’état manqué, un autre continue…

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Il y a un an dans la nuit du 15 au 16 juillet, la tentative de coup d’Etat menée par une fraction de l’armée alliée au mouvement réactionnaire Gulleniste était un échec. Plusieurs centaines de milliers de Turcs ont commémoré de samedi 15 à dimanche 16 juillet l’anniversaire de la tentative de putsch contre Recep Tayyip Erdogan. 

Tout en en condamnant clairement le coup d’Etat militaire par une fraction de l’armée car cette dernière n’est pas et n’a jamais été un allié des classes populaires dans le pays et aucune illusion ne doit exister sur la capacité de l’armée turque à jouer un rôle de libérateur de celles-ci, aucune illusion ne doit exister sur le gouvernement autoritaire et réactionnaire de l’AKP présidé par Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Il faut s’opposer à l’AKP et son leader Erdogan sans hésitation. Continue reading

Aux origines de Daech: de l’Irak à la contre-révolution régionale

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L’origine de Daech ou du soi-disant « État islamique » (EI) se trouve dans la constitution d’al-Qaida à la suite de l’invasion militaire étatsunienne et britannique de l’Irak en 2003.

Son leader actuel Abou Bakr al-Baghdadi a commencé son expérience djihadiste après l’invasion, lorsqu’il a rejoint la branche irakienne d’al-Qaida sous le commandement du Jordanien al-Zarkaoui. En 2010, il a pris la tête de l’État islamique en Irak et au Levant (EIIL aujourd’hui connu sous le nom de l’EI), qui a remplacé al-Qaida en Irak.  Continue reading

Maroc, la mobilisation populaire continue

Manifestation-Rabat-11-2017-soutien-hirak-mouvance-mouvement-contestation-revendications-economiques-sociales-secoue-Rif-Maroc_0_729_507La contestation populaire dans le Rif marocain s’est poursuivi tout au long du moi de juin et s’est étendu à plusieurs villes du pays, malgré la répression des forces de sécurité et les tentatives du régime marocain de discréditer le mouvement. Plusieurs milliers de policiers ont d’ailleurs été envoyés à Al-Hoceima poour mater les manifestations. Continue reading