Syrie: pourquoi ce massacre?

https://www.rts.ch/play/tv/infrarouge/video/syrie–pourquoi-ce-massacre-?id=9373920&startTime=2811.800225529&station=a83f29dee7a5d0d3f9fccdb9c92161b1afb512db

Au moins 500 morts en une semaine dont de très nombreux enfants: c’est le tragique bilan du bombardement des quartiers de la Ghouta orientale, aux portes de Damas. Pour les forces de Bachar-el-Assad, il s’agit de déloger les derniers islamistes de cette enclave rebelle, quel qu’en soit le prix et malgré le cessez-le-feu réclamé ce week-end par l’ONU.

Alors que faire face à ce nouveau désastre humanitaire, près de 7 ans après le début du conflit? Et comment expliquer que la Syrie soit devenue le nouveau terrain de jeu des grandes puissances?

Infrarouge a ouvert le débat ce mercredi 28 février.

Présentation: Alexis Favre

Les invité-es

Georges Malbrunot
Grand reporter au Figaro, co-auteur «Les Chemins de Damas»

Robert Mardini
Directeur CICR pour le Proche et le Moyen-Orient

Xavier Colin
Chercheur Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP)

Joseph Daher
Politologue, opposant au régime de Damas

Elena Volochine
Correspondante RTS

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The Kurdish Crisis in Iraq and Syria

The Kurdish struggle in Syria and Iraq has witnessed a number of recent changes, with clear contrasts in each country. The broad victory of the “yes” in the Iraqi autonomous Kurdistan region’s independence referendum on September 25, 2017 was rooted in the long historical will of the Kurdish people to establish a state. It was also the consequence of a violent history of oppression inflicted upon the Iraqi-Kurdish population by various previous Iraqi nationalist authoritarian regimes.

The massacre by chemical weapons against the Kurdish population of Halabja in 1988 by Saddam Hussein’s Baathist regime [then supported by the U.S. and other Western governments — eds.] is particularly remembered. About 5000 Kurds perished in this massacre. This attack was part of Operation Anfal launched by the authorities in Baghdad during this period, which killed over 182,000 people and destroyed more than 90% of the Kurdish villages.

The Iraqi referendum also demonstrated, once again, the failure of the models of the capitalist, chauvinist and centralized nation-states of the region, which have consistently repressed, erased, and/or denied the plurality of their societies by affirming the supremacy and/or domination of an ethnic group over others, a religious sect over others, or both at the same time.

In Syria, a solution for the Kurdish issue and for an inclusive Syria cannot be found without recognizing the Kurds as a proper “people” or “nation” and providing unconditional support to the self-determination of the Kurdish people in the country and elsewhere.

The destiny of the Kurdish people in Syria was and remains intrinsically linked to the dynamics of the Syrian uprising and, therefore, its future is in danger, just as with the rest of the protest movement. This is why we should not isolate the struggle for self-determination of the Kurdish people from the dynamics of the Syrian revolution.

Any possibility of self-determination of the Kurdish people in Syria, as well as in Iran and in Turkey, has to go through common struggle with the popular classes of these countries against the various fractions of the bourgeoisie that dominate these states, whether they are from reactionary Islamic fundamentalism or nationalist chauvinism, or a mix of both. Continue reading

Massive Demonstration in Afrin against the Turkish military intervention – مظاهرة ضخمة في عفرين ضد التدخل العسكري التركي

أهالي عفرين رغم الموت والقصف من قبل الجانبالتركي، يتوافدون الآن إلى ساحات المدينة بالموسيقا والرقص والغناء للتنديد بالهجمة الشنيعة على الأهالي.
من تظاهرة اليوم تنديدا بالعدوان التركي

Massive demonstration in Afrin against the Turkish military intervention assisted by reactionary and islamic fundamentalist Syrian armed opposition groups. Protesters went out on the squares of the city with music, dancing and singing to denounce the military intervention against the Province.

Ankara lance une nouvelle guerre contre les Kurdes à Afrin en Syrie

Depuis le 20 janvier 2018, l’armée turque assistée par des milices à la solde de la Turquie de l’opposition armée syrienne, en grade majorité des forces conservatrices islamiques et réactionnaires, a lancé une offensive aérienne et terrestre à grande échelle, baptisée «Opération Rameau d’olivier» sur la province d’Afrin située au nord-ouest de la Syrie avec une population majoritairement kurde contrôlée par Parti de l’Union Démocratique (PYD) et ses Unités de Protection du Peuple (connus sous les noms des YPG).

Plus d’une soixantaine de civils (Kurdes, Arabes, Arméniens et autres) ont été tués depuis le début de l’opération et de nombreuses destructions ont été causées par les bombardements de l’aviation turque.

Au même moment, le régime autoritaire et criminel de Bachar al-Assad et l’aviation russe continue ces bombardements et ses offensives militaires contre les régions de la Ghouta orientale et d’Idlib qui ont causé la mort de plusieurs centaines de civils et des déplacements de populations civiles massifs ces dernières semaines. Il y a un consensus entre toutes les puissances internationales et régionales pour le maintien du régime meurtrier à Damas avec Bachar al-Assad à sa tête au nom de la « guerre contre le terrorisme ». C’est ce consensus qui donne « carte blanche » au régime syrien de continuer ses crimes à une large échelle. Continue reading

Turkish Military Operation “olive branch” against Afrin: Crimes, Racism and toxic masculinity – العملية العسكرية التركية “غصن الزيتون” ضد عفرين: جرائم وعنصرية والذكورة السامة

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights has documented between January 20 and 31 2018 the death of 68 civilians (Kurds, Arabs and Armenians) including 21 children and 12 citizen women, since the beginning of the Turkish military operation “Olive Branch” with the assistance of reactionary Syrian opposition armed forces (FSA and Islamic fundamentalist forces). The bombardements of Turkish airforce has destroyed many building and infrastructures as well.

وقد وثق المرصد السوري لحقوق الإنسان بين 20 و 31 كانون الثاني / يناير 2018 مقتل 68 مدنيا (أكراد وعرب وأرمن) من بينهم 21 طفلا و 12 امرأة منذ بداية العملية العسكرية التركية “غصن الزيتون” بمساعدة القوات المسلحة المعارضة الرجعية (الجيش السوري الحر والقوى الأصولية الإسلامية. و قصفت و دمرت القوات الجوية التركية العديد من المباني و بنية تحتية في عفرين  Continue reading

كل التضامن مع عفرين والغوطة وإدلب، ضد كل الهجمات العسكرية

 

نعارض، في تحالف الاشتراكيين/ات في الشرق الأوسط، الهجمات العسكرية المتعددة على عفرين وإدلب والغوطة الشرقية، وندعم كل المدنيين/ات الأبرياء في سوريا… حيث هناك توافق بين جميع القوى الدولية والإقليمية على ضرورة تصفية الحركات الشعبية الثورية التي بدأت في سوريا في آذار/مارس عام 2011…

كل التضامن مع عفرين ضد التدخل العسكري التركي

منذ 20 كانون الثاني/يناير عام 2018، شن الجيش التركي، بمساعدة من الميليشيات المعارضة السورية الموالية لتركيا، هجوما جويا وبريا واسع النطاق، أطلق عليه اسم “عملية غصن الزيتون” على منطقة عفرين الواقعة في شمال غربي سوريا ذات الأغلبية الكوردية، والتي يسيطر عليها حزب الاتحاد الديمقراطي ووحدات حماية الشعب. وقد قتل حتى الآن ما لا يقل عن 30 مدنيا منذ بداية العملية العسكرية.

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Solidarity with Afrin, al-Ghouta, Idlib Against All Military Attacks

We, the Alliance of Middle Eastern Socialists oppose the various military attacks on Afrin, Idlib and Eastern Ghouta  and support all the innocent civilians in Syria. . . There has been a consensus between all the international and regional powers on the necessity to liquidate the revolutionary popular movements initiated in Syria in March of 2011 . . .

Solidarity with Afrin against Turkish military intervention

Since January 20, 2018, Turkish military assisted by pro-Turkish Syrian opposition militia groups have launched a large scale air and ground offensive, dubbed « Operation Olive Branch » on Afrin province located in northwest  Syria with a Kurdish majority population and controlled by the Democratic Union Party (PYD) and its People’s Protection Units (YPG).  At least 30 civilians  have been killed since the beginning of the operation.

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